Though Pittencrieff Park is a very small part of the world it is home to a variety of wildlife which can be enjoyed by everyone!
You can download a copy of the “Nature & Wildlife” leaflet at the bottom of this page. It is also available throughout the park at the Cafe, Pittencrieff House Museum and the Glasshouses.

What wildlife can I see in Pittencrieff Park?


  • Native Species: These are trees that can be found growing naturally throughout Scotland and have done so for millions of years and they support many other species, such as insects, fungi and birds
  • Specimen or Ornamental Species: These are trees that have been selected from around the world but would not have otherwise grown naturally here in Scotland

Throughout the park you will regularly see birds of all shapes and sizes on the lawns or in the woodlands. Popular ones include Robins, Woodpigeons, Coal Tits, Wrens and event Buzzards!

There is a large variety of plant life, other than trees and shrubs, throughout the park which includes mosses, ferns and wildflowers:

Lichens and Fungi

  • found throughout Pittencrieff Park
  • lichens are usually seen on the trunks and branches of trees, walls and buildings while fungi are generally associated with wooded areas, particularly deadwood and shady spots underneath trees e.g. Candle Snuff Fungus and the orange Velvet Shank


  • includes insects such as butterflies and bees, worms, snails and spiders
  • can be found in the soil, around water bodies, on plants as well as in the nooks and crannies of the walls and historical buildings


  • can be difficult to see when you are out and about because many of them are nocturnal (which means they are most active in the hours of darkness) e.g. bats, hedgehogs, foxes

Non-Native Species

  • may also be described as invasive or alien species and are species that have reached the UK by accidental human transport, deliberate human introduction, or which arrived by dispersal from a non-native population in Europe
  • non-native species can be found in Pittencrieff Park e.g. Japanese Knotweed which negatively impacts on other species within the park by crowding and shading them out
  • Grey squirrels are a non-native mammal species found within the park after their introduction by humans in 1919. Whilst popular with visitors to the park it causes issues for the conservation of the native red squirrel. Find out more about the Fife Red Squirrel Project here.

When can I see wildlife in Pittencrieff Park?


  • flowers and most trees will have begun budding by March
  • birds and other animals will become more active and noisy as they look for mates, build nests and start laying eggs or giving birth


  • wildflowers and trees will be in full bloom
  • insect activity will reach its peak at this time of year
  • birds and other animals are still busy feeding chicks and their young


  • most plants will have lost their flowers, tree leaves will change colour and fruits and seeds (such as acorns and conkers) will be produced
  • many mammals will be preparing to hibernate
  • fungi begin to fruit which means you can spot them above the soil


  • only evergreen trees such as Scot’s Pine and Holly will hold on to their leaves and green colour
  • year round bird residents such as Robins will be very curious at this time of year as they look for food

Click on the Wildlife Bingo and Leaf Spotter publications at the bottom of the page – you can print off and play next time you are in the park!

Future Plans

Over the next few years we will increase our efforts to promote and conserve the wildlife and biodiversity of Pittencrieff Park. We will also provide educational opportunities and interpretive resources and activities for the local community and all park visitors.

Increasing biodiversity

  • ongoing monitoring of wildlife within Pittencrieff Park
  • planting of native species of wildflower, ferns, shrubs and trees
  • the addition of bird and bat boxes as well as bird and insect feeders

Promoting Native Species

  • any new planting will be of native species
  • existing areas of woodland, wildflower and any other plant life will be managed appropriately to enhance the growth of native species

Reducing Prevalence of Non-Native Species

  • ongoing monitoring of non-native species
  • removal of non-native species found